Painted bumpers were, um, well, er. Little changed with the '76 model. Midway through the model year, the Z28 returned shorn of its mid-name slash. Now emphasizing handling, it rode on big, 15x7-inch wheels, and its small-block was rated at a towering horsepower. In , horses was huge. Despite this lack of excitement, Chevy sold almost , '77 Camaros—that was almost three times the sales of its younger, smaller, sport-coupe brother, the Monza.
Cars in the 1960s
The big change for '78 was new soft-plastic bumper covers. Also, for the first time, a translucent T-top roof option was also added. Good-looking whitewall tires, too. The last of the second-generation Camaros were built as models. That year model run is the longest for a Camaro generation.
Truly all new, the Camaro used a full unitized structure, a new coil-spring rear suspension, and struts in the front. And for the first time, the Camaro was a hatchback.
But while the new Camaro was modern and gorgeous in that flat-plane s way, it was seriously underpowered. Base Sport Coupes were equipped with the heinous 2. A hp, 2. But at least that engine could be had with a four-speed manual transmission. Opting for the hp Cross-Fire-injected version of that engine meant going with a three-speed automatic. In our August issue, Don Sherman reported this about the new Z28 with Cross-Fire throttle-body injection : "When you drive a Z28, there is one engineering breakthrough that slaps you right in the face: This Camaro is not a committee car.
The shock valving is so tight that you feel pebbles on the pavement as you back out of a parking space. It took 8. Introduction of the all-new third generation was reason enough for the Camaro to pace the Indianapolis for the third time. Unfortunately, the pokey hp Cross-Fire Injection 5. That's not enough for Indianapolis. So the actual pace car was powered by a modified 5. Drivers David Hobbs and Willy T. Ribbs took nine of the 13 events in these tube-frame racers. Ribbs won five races and Hobbs four, with John Paul Jr.
Hobbs won the championship based on his consistent finishes. Performance was returning to the Z28 by with the introduction of the hp L69 version of the 5. While it still used a four-barrel carburetor, it was now available with a five-speed manual transmission. This is the '84 Camaro, which looked almost identical to the '82 and ' The big leap forward for Camaro performance in the '80s was the introduction of the IROC-Z with its spectacular inch five-spoke wheels.
And so New Jersey got its official car. The third-generation Camaro was offered in a now practically forgotten Berlinetta model with V-6 or V-8 power and an almost hypnotic digital dashboard. Interest in the Berlinetta shrank to only about units in '86, and it wasn't part of the '87 lineup. There's a reason why they're forgotten. Type keyword s to search. Today's Top Stories. Cheapest Trucks You Can Buy for — Humphrey Sutton Car and Driver. Don Hunter.
The Bold And Bright Early Days
Jim Hahn. Roy Ritchie. Aaron Kiley. Mark Windecker. Advertisement - Continue Reading Below. More From Features. Enemies of the Autonomous Vehicle. Dimmable Sunroof Tech Started in the 19th Century. Who Wore It Better? These 10 Cars Share Names. Detroit automakers settled for face-lifting jobs on the s. A bit of metal here or there and some extra paint. But they labored long and hard to meet federal requirements on such items as a 5-mile-an-hour bumper system, material flammability, and the reduction of oxides of nitrogen exhaust pollutants. The federal government required that cars be equipped with bumpers that can withstand a 5-mile-an-hour front impact without damage to safety-related items on the car.
Full List of General Motors Models
Customer Satisfaction was the target of a major AMC move in introducing its cars. AMC had drawn attention when its models included an unconditional guarantee on all parts except tires for 12 months or 12, miles with no Cost to the buyer. Carmakers had boasted of pollution controls instead of power in Buyers complained the changes made winter starting more difficult and cut down acceleration.
On s, manufacturers tried some minor devices that, they said, improved the performance of those equipped with anti-pollution systems. Car companies continued to experiment with alternative engines.
Cars in 1970
Chrysler, which spent millions of dollars in the mids trying to develop an inexpensive, workable gas-turbine engine, won a federal contract in November to develop a sixth generation of its turbine engine. It was considered a possible replacement for the piston engine. The German-developed Wankel rotary engine drew particular attention in August when GM said that limited production of a Wankel-powered Vega was possible in two years. A Wankel-powered Japanese import, the Mazda, was already on sale. The were few style changes to the models. Car makers instead focused their attention on increasing gas mileage, lowering exhaust emissions and adhering to stricter government safety regulations.
All General Motors Models: List of General Motors Cars & Vehicles
The first GM car equipped with an airbag was produced in November. Another safety measure was introduced: the seat belt interlock feature. This system prevented the car from starting until the driver and passenger have fastened their seat belts.
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Obviously technical problems led to this system being a complete disaster and the feature was not installed or required for models. To increase gas mileage, car companies started paying particular attention to body weight, noting that a lighter car gets more miles for the buck. Cars started being made lighter whenever possible. There was a huge gasoline shortage in , and because of this there was a stronger push research on alternative engines than in recent years. While various scientists experimented with turbine and electric, most were dismissed as too cumbersome and expensive. However, much attention was paid to the Wankel rotary engine produced in Germany.
GM was hoping to debut a Wankel-powered rotary engine car, the Chevrolet Vega, by In , the Middle East oil embargo, drastically higher fuel costs and much higher price tags for new cars destroyed consumer confidence and enthusiasm. As new car sales slumped, layoffs and plant closings increased. Many automakers thought that the demand for compact and subcompact cars would skyrocket because of the fuel shortage and high cost of gasoline. But, after a strong first six months for the small cars, standard and luxury models sold better than expected after summer.
Car prices jumped substantially in the models. However, the price picture was difficult to clarify because automakers shuffled standard and optional equipment on their cars.